What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
A condition called diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar causes damage to the blood vessels within the retina. It’s estimated that approximately 40% of all diabetics have at least mild diabetic retinopathy.
Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy
At its onset, diabetic retinopathy has few, if any symptoms. That’s why an annual medical eye examination with pupils dilated is very important for diabetic patients.
There are two basic categories of diabetic retinopathy
- The first is non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy where the blood vessels in the retina become weaker and more porous and can leak excess fluid into the retina. The result is mild to severe blurred vision.
- The second category is proliferative diabetic retinopathy marked by the growth of new and very weak blood vessels. These vessels can easily rupture and bleed into the vitreous gel that fills the eye, blocking vision.
Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy
- With proper treatment, the risk of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy is 50% less.
- Laser treatment seals ruptured blood vessels and prevents further leakage
- When laser treatment is not adequate, traditional surgery may be an alternative to remove the blood and scar tissue.
If you are concerned about any diabetes-related eye problems, the experienced ophthalmologists at Yaldo Eye Center will be happy to discuss potential solutions and develop an individual treatment plan for you.