What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an excess of fluid pressure within the eye, which can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss and blindness. The fluid pressure builds up because the drainage system of the eye is not functioning properly. Although glaucoma can occur at any age, it is one of the leading causes of blindness in people over age 40.
Types of Glaucoma
There are several types of glaucoma, all of which can be diagnosed by the board-certified ophthalmologists at Yaldo Eye Center.
- Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma. It develops gradually, destroying peripheral (side) vision first and then central vision. Since there are no early warning symptoms, thorough medical eye examinations that include eye pressure checks are imperative, particularly if you are over 40.
- Narrow-angle or angle-closure glaucoma is much less common. A major symptom is the rapid onset of sharp, severe plan around the eye. Blurred vision, halos around lights, nausea or vomiting may also occur. Immediate medical attention is imperative to quickly reduce eye pressure and avoid permanent vision loss.
- Secondary glaucoma can result from an eye injury, certain drugs, hemorrhages, tumors or inflammations that block the drainage channels in the eye.
Early Glaucoma Detection is Important
Early diagnosis of glaucoma is critical to saving your vision. However, if diagnosed and treated early, glaucoma can be effectively controlled, even though a cure has yet to be discovered.
Glaucoma Testing and Treatment
A simple eye pressure test during your eye examination can indicate the presence of glaucoma. For a complete diagnosis and treatment evaluation, your ophthalmologist at Yaldo Eye Center can perform further tests including ophthalmoscopy, visual field testing and gonioscopy.
Eye drops are frequently prescribed to lower eye pressure. To avoid the expense and hassle of eye drops, an alternative is laser trabeculopasty therapy, which can be performed at Yaldo Eye Center’s on-site outpatient surgical facility. The laser light stretches open the tiny drainage channels to allow excess fluid to escape. In some cases, a new drainage system may need to be surgically created.
Each case of glaucoma is treated on an individual basis, and your ophthalmologist at Yaldo Eye Center can discuss every available treatment option with you to determine what works best for you and your diagnosis.