The Lasik Debate “Bladeless Vs. Blade” Surgery

July 22, 2018
The Lasik Debate "Bladeless Vs. Blade" Surgery

The Lasik Debate “Bladeless Vs. Blade” Surgery

The Lasik Debate "Bladeless Vs. Blade" SurgeryIf you are interested in LASIK eye surgery for vision improvement, you could have questioned the Lasik Debate “Bladeless Vs. Blade” Surgery relating to just how the treatment is done.

What exactly does blade versus bladeless mean? What are the advantages and also drawbacks of each kind of LASIK procedure?

In typical LASIK, a tool known as a microkeratome cuts a thin, hinged flap right into the eye’s clear surface area (cornea). The flap is then lifted for application of laser energy that reshapes the eye for vision improvement. Changing the flap in LASIK promotes a faster healing process.

Another technique of creating a LASIK flap, presented in 1999, utilizes a sort of high-energy laser (femtosecond laser) as opposed to a blade.

The first FDA-approved bladeless flap-making system in the United States, called IntraLase, was obtained by Advanced Medical Optics (AMO) in 2007 as well as incorporated right into the company’s CustomVue excimer laser platform– which currently is marketed as iLASIK.

Besides IntraLase, various other bladeless LASIK systems include zLASIK (Ziemer Ophthalmic Systems), Femtec (2010 Twenty-twenty) and Visumax (Carl Zeiss Meditec).

Femtosecond laser systems usually are marketed as “bladeless” or “all laser” LASIK, although eye specialists favoring extra standard microkeratomes might suggest that both treatments entail passing through the eye’s surface area. If you are looking for a leading Michigan lasik provider, the Yaldo Eye Center is one of Michigan’s preferred Michigan Lasik eye surgery specialists.

Two Highly Respected Eye Surgeons Debate Blade Vs. Bladeless LASIK

In this eye doctor discussion, Brian Boxer Wachler, MD, of Boxer Wachler Vision Institute in L.a, and also Vance Thompson, MD, Sioux Valley Center refractive surgical procedure supervisor (Sioux Falls, S.D.) and also assistant ophthalmology professor at the University of South Dakota Institution of Medicine, clarify opinions about the benefits and drawbacks of blade versus bladeless LASIK flaps.

These eye specialists use both methods but vary in their opinions about which approach need to be highlighted in straightforward LASIK procedures. Both get on’s content advisory board.

Some LASIK specialists preferring microkeratomes have actually objected to the term “bladeless” in IntraLase marketing. Should the term “bladeless” LASIK be made use of?

Thompson: I agree with that term. It’s essential that there be truth in marketing, and also the reality is that no blade is made use of. Really, however, this modern technology commonly is referred to as “all laser” LASIK

Boxer Wachler: Technically IntraLase is bladeless. So the term is possibly practical. Some people just weren’t delighted about using the word “bladeless” because this indicates that the microkeratome, which uses a blade, is scarier to the individual. This was viewed by some as “striking listed below the belt” as a result of the implication that a microkeratome is somehow more high-risk, when in fact it’s not.

Benefits of Laser Flaps or Blade Flaps in LASIK

Dr. Boxer Wachler, just what are the advantages of modern-day microkeratomes (blade) compared to IntraLase (laser) as LASIK flap makers?

Boxer Wachler: I’m for whatever is ideal for the individual, however I do make use of the microkeratome far more typically than I do IntraLase. Microkeratomes make the procedure go a lot faster and also are much more comfy for the individual. Suction in a microkeratome treatment lasts typically three seconds, whereas suction utilizing IntraLase lasts concerning 15-20 secs at its fastest.

Likewise, you utilize much less suction on the eye with a microkeratome. I prefer patients to be as comfy as feasible, which is why I favor the microkeratome.

Dr. Thompson, just what are the benefits of IntraLase (laser) over microkeratomes (blade)?

Thompson: I utilize both, and I also provide guidance for patients regarding both procedures.

But I prefer making use of the safest innovation for the circumstance. When the FDA authorized the laser flap maker (IntraLase in 1999), the blade or microkeratome flaps were the main resource of my vision complications in LASIK– whether they were cost-free caps (unattached flaps), partial flaps, or buttonholes (incorrectly developed flaps) or an epithelial slough (harmed eye tissue). I typically found that, despite the fact that the vast bulk of blade flap situations worked out, when they didn’t work out– it was unsightly.

So I began to like the idea of a laser flap maker. I do not need to bother with buttonholes, partial flaps, as well as free caps. It just brought so much more internal peace to a very important part of the treatment, which is development of the flap. It also brought more internal peace to my personnel. Our operating area days now are much better.

Flap Quality With Blade or Bladeless LASIK.

Exactly what is your point of view of the general top quality of flaps produced with either blade or bladeless LASIK?

Thompson: Flap predictability is much better with a laser flap.

Boxer Wachler: I could share my very own personal experience. I have actually not had a complimentary (separated) flap take place in 5 years while making use of modern microkeratomes. Buttonholes (buttonhole shaped flaps) take place seldom, yet these have occurred with the IntraLase too. Simply put, flap complications are uncommon, yet they could occur with either microkeratome or IntraLase innovations. The most vital facet is that the patient is in the hands of a professional eye surgery specialist. Remember, we are talking about devices, as well as devices that are just as good as the specialist who is using them. It’s like Tiger Woods and a weekend break golf enthusiast who both make use of the exact same leading golf clubs. Do you believe each players game will improve with the exact same golf clubs?

Thompson: I have not heard of a buttonhole flap occurring with IntraLase. I suppose any type of doctor making a flap with a blade or a laser might make a buttonhole if they are harsh in raising the flap. Yet a laser does not make a buttonhole, due to the fact that you obtain the very same thickness flap with a laser whatever the curve of the cornea is. With a blade, the more curved the cornea is, the thinner the flap centrally. This enhances the possibility of a buttonhole dramatically.

What would you inform individuals about feasible complications entailing blade or bladeless LASIK?

Boxer Wachler: If the eye surgery specialist is utilizing a modern-day, current-day microkeratome, there is no real benefit in using IntraLase to develop a flap. It’s been argued that microkeratomes create a crescent flap (thinner in the middle). Yet there have been no agreement data showing that a planar flap (same density in center as well as outer sides) is any type of much better. There could be disadvantages to the IntraLase flap, such as enhanced danger of additional edema (swelling) of the flap. This is due to all the extra laser power called for to make the flap. This could delay clearness and also quality of vision from a couple of days to a week. That does not accompany a flap made with the microkeratome.

Thompson: I would inform a client that the risks of a partial flap or an opening in a flap or a stressful flap problem would certainly be higher with a microkeratome and much less with a laser. A blade flap makes a thinner flap in the center, which indicates it is thicker on the edges (lens). A laser flap coincides density at the center as it goes to the periphery (planar).

Researches have actually revealed that there can be a greater rate of generating higher-order aberrations (vision distortions) with blade flaps versus laser flaps as a result of the flap form, this has actually been substantiated in several professional tests.

Boxer Wachler: However with IntraLase, there is an issue of short-term light sensitivity. It’s a low threat factor, yet an unique threat to the IntraLase.

Thompson: Exactly what is a vision-threatening difficulty, and exactly what is a hassle? Short-term light sensitivity is far much less of a concern than an opening in the center of a flap.

Boxer Wachler: Holes in the middle of flaps have happened in IntraLase flaps as well.

Is there a scenario where you would certainly make use of the blade or bladeless LASIK strategy that ordinarily would not be your front runner for developing a flap?

Thompson: In challenging instances where the individual has had previous refractive surgical treatment and also has had a blade flap issue, I would certainly not make use of a laser flap. In corneal surgical treatment, water bubbles that form throughout laser flap production can track through the previous incision made by the blade flap as well as get between the cornea and also the focusing lens of the laser. That’s where I in some cases need to tell patients that have actually had blade flap complications that I need to aim to repair them with the very same innovation.

Also, if expense is a genuine problem for someone and they want to approve the raised threat with blade flaps, I will certainly do a blade flap for them. There’s about a $300 per eye distinction.

Boxer Wachler: If the individual wants an IntraLase flap made, there will be an additional charge for it, but it’s not a problem to do it if that’s just what an individual really desires and also this will aid them rest much better during the night. I wouldn’t use IntraLase in specific scenarios, though. People who have glaucoma would be far better off with microkeratomes, because the time of suction and degree of suction is much less. [Keep in mind: Degree of suction on the eye used in a LASIK treatment could be thought about by some to be a threat aspect for glaucoma patients, who might have high eye stress that could intensify throughout any kind of LASIK procedure.]

Thompson: The blade flap maker elevates the intraocular pressure even more than the laser flap manufacturer, such that numerous feel it is safer to execute a laser flap in glaucoma individuals.

Exactly what would certainly you inform clients concerning the general security of blade or bladeless LASIK procedures?

Boxer Wachler: The fact is that LASIK is among the best treatments in all of medication, with the microkeratome or with the IntraLase.

Thompson: As far as professional value, it can be challenging to discriminate in between a well done blade flap with modern microkeratome innovation and also a well done laser flap. Difficulties are the primary distinction between these 2 modern technologies. Of the people who see me momentarily point of view when their eye has actually been damaged by LASIK, 99 percent have a blade flap complication.

Who We Are

The Yaldo Eye Center is Michigan’s leader in eye care. From the most state of the art lasik technology to cataracts and glaucoma, the Yaldo Eye Center does it all. Dr. Yaldo began the practice in 1993 and now features 2 locations in Farmington Hills and Garden City. Schedule an appointment today and let the vision experts at Yaldo Eye Center treat your condition. If you are looking for a Michigan lasik provider, who has years of experience with Michigan lasik procedures, look no further. Get the Yaldo advantage with a leading Michigan eye surgery specialist.

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